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Next.js with TypeScript - A Guide

· 9 min read
Deniz Colak

Next.js and TypeScript — a powerful duo that elevates your web development experience to the next level. This guide will take you on a journey through the world of Next.js and TypeScript, exploring the many benefits of using these technologies together. Whether you're a seasoned developer or just starting out, this guide will show you how to harness the power of Next.js and TypeScript to create amazing, high-quality web applications that stand out from the crowd. Get ready to dive into the exciting world of Next.js with TypeScript and take your web development skills to the next level.

What is TypeScript?

TypeScript is a statically typed, open-source programming language that is built on top of JavaScript. It is designed to improve the development process and catch errors earlier in the development cycle by using type annotations. This means that TypeScript will detect type mismatches and other potential issues before the code is run, making it easier to maintain and debug applications.

What do you use TypeScript for?

TypeScript is used to develop large, complex and scalable applications. It provides a number of benefits over standard JavaScript, including improved code readability, increased safety, and better tooling support. By using TypeScript, developers can write code with confidence knowing that type errors will be caught during development, rather than at runtime. This leads to faster development times, fewer bugs and a better overall user experience.

How to add TypeScript to your Next.js app

There are two ways to add TypeScript to a Next.js app, either by creating a new project with create-next-app or by adding TypeScript to an existing project.


To create a new project with TypeScript, use the following command:

npx create-next-app my-app --example with-typescript

# or

yarn create next-app my-app --example with-typescript

This will create a new Next.js project with TypeScript already set up and ready to use.

Adding TypeScript to an existing project

To add TypeScript to an existing Next.js project, first install the TypeScript package using npm or yarn:

npm install --save-dev typescript @types/react @types/node

# or

yarn add --dev typescript @types/react @types/node

Then, rename your .js files to .ts or .tsx and run the TypeScript compiler to ensure there are no type errors.

How to use Typescript with Next.js data fetching methods

Next.js offers a variety of data fetching methods, including getStaticProps, getStaticPaths, getServerSideProps, and useEffect. To use TypeScript with these methods, you will need to add type annotations to your data and functions. For example, when fetching data with getStaticProps, you can add a type for the returned data like this:

export const getStaticProps: GetStaticProps = async () => {
// fetch data here
const res = await fetch("https://.../posts");
const posts: Post[] = await res.json();

return {
props: {

How to use Typescript with Next.js API routes

Next.js API routes are a convenient way to manage your server-side logic in your Next.js application. With TypeScript, you can make use of the robust type system to create a more robust and maintainable API.

To use TypeScript in your Next.js API routes, you'll first need to create a new file with a .ts extension, such as api/posts.ts. In this file, you'll export an express-style function that will handle incoming requests to your API endpoint.

Here's an example of a simple Next.js API route that returns a message in JSON format:

export default async (req: NextApiRequest, res: NextApiResponse) => {
const response = await fetch("https://.../posts");
const posts: Post[] = await response.json();


In this example, we import the NextApiRequest and NextApiResponse interfaces from the next module. These interfaces provide type definitions for incoming HTTP requests and outgoing HTTP responses, respectively.

By using these types, we can ensure that our API route is handling requests and sending responses in a consistent and reliable way.

How to configure absolute imports and module path aliases in tsconfig.json

When working with a large Next.js app, it can be helpful to use absolute imports and module path aliases to make your code more organized and easier to maintain. This can be especially important when using TypeScript, as the type checker can be more strict about imports and module paths.

To configure absolute imports and module path aliases in TypeScript, you'll need to create a tsconfig.json file in your project root. This file contains configuration options for the TypeScript compiler.

Here's an example tsconfig.json file that sets up a few common module path aliases:

"compilerOptions": {
"baseUrl": ".",
"paths": {
"@/*": ["src/*"],
"@components/*": ["components/*"],
"@pages/*": ["pages/*"],
"@styles/*": ["styles/*"]

In this example, we're using the baseUrl option to specify that all imports should be relative to the project root directory. We're also using the paths option to set up an alias for all imports that start with @. In this case, any import that starts with @ will be resolved to the src directory in the project root.

This makes it easy to write clean and organized code, as you can use the @ alias in your imports instead of having to write out the full path to your modules.

Disabling Typescript Errors in Production

In a production environment, you may not want to see TypeScript errors in your logs or on the front-end of your application. To disable these errors, you can use the noEmitOnError option in your tsconfig.json file.

Here's an example of a tsconfig.json file that disables TypeScript errors in production:

"compilerOptions": {
"noEmitOnError": true

With this configuration, the TypeScript compiler will only emit JavaScript files if there are no TypeScript errors in your code. This means that you won't see any TypeScript errors in your logs or on the front-end of your application.

Testing your Next.js app

Testing your Next.js application is an essential step in ensuring that it runs smoothly and provides the desired user experience. In Next.js, you can test your components, pages, and APIs using various testing frameworks like Jest, Mocha, and Chai.

To test a Next.js component, you can use the @testing-library/react library. It provides various testing utilities like render, fireEvent, and wait that help you test the component's behavior, interactions, and output.

When testing an API route, you can use the supertest library to make HTTP requests to the route and test its response. You can also use Jest's expect function to write assertions about the response.

Here's an example of how you can test a Next.js API route using Jest and supertest:

import request from "supertest";
import { expect } from "@jest/globals";
import handler from "../pages/api/posts";

describe("Posts API", () => {
it("should return a list of posts", async () => {
const res = await request(handler).get("/api/posts");
id: 1,
title: "Post 1",
id: 2,
title: "Post 2",

In this example, we're using the request function from the supertest library to make an HTTP request to the API route. We're then using Jest's expect function to write assertions about the response.

In conclusion, testing is a crucial part of the development process. By testing your Next.js app, you can catch bugs early and ensure that your app runs smoothly.

How to convert an existing Next.JS project to use TypeScript

Converting an existing Next.js project to use TypeScript can be done in a few simple steps. Here's how you can do it:

  1. Install TypeScript: To install TypeScript, you can run the following command in your terminal:
npm install --save-dev typescript
  1. Create a tsconfig.json file: This file will contain all your TypeScript configuration options. To create this file, you can run the following command in your terminal:
npx tsc --init
  1. Update your files to use TypeScript: Rename your JavaScript files to use the .ts extension. For example, if you have a file named index.js, you would change it to index.ts. Then, update the code inside each file to use TypeScript syntax.

  2. Add TypeScript support to Next.js: To add TypeScript support to Next.js, you'll need to install the @types/next and @types/react packages. You can do this by running the following command in your terminal:

npm install --save-dev @types/next @types/react
  1. Create a tsconfig.json file in the root of your project:
touch tsconfig.json
  1. Add the following configuration to your tsconfig.json file:
"compilerOptions": {
"target": "esnext",
"module": "esnext",
"lib": ["dom", "esnext"],
"allowJs": true,
"allowSyntheticDefaultImports": true,
"strict": true,
"noEmit": true,
"esModuleInterop": true,
"moduleResolution": "node",
"resolveJsonModule": true,
"isolatedModules": true,
"jsx": "preserve"
"exclude": ["node_modules", ".next"],
"include": ["next-env.d.ts", "**/*.ts", "**/*.tsx"]
  1. Create a next-env.d.ts file in the root of your project:

touch next-env.d.ts
  1. Add the following configuration to your next-env.d.ts file:
/// <reference types="next" />
/// <reference types="next/types/global" />
  1. Update your Next.js configuration file: Add the following lines to your next.config.js file to configure Next.js to use TypeScript:
module.exports = {
webpack: (config) => {
config.resolve.extensions.push(".ts", ".tsx");
return config;
  1. Update your build scripts: Finally, you'll need to update your build scripts to compile TypeScript files. You can do this by adding the following line to your scripts section in your package.json file:
"scripts": {
"build": "next build",
"start": "next start",
"dev": "next",
"type-check": "tsc --noEmit",
"type-check:watch": "npm run type-check -- --watch"


In conclusion, integrating TypeScript into your Next.js project can bring several benefits including improved type checking, code maintainability, and reduced likelihood of runtime errors. The steps outlined in this article will guide you through the process of setting up TypeScript in your Next.js project, configuring absolute imports and module path aliases, disabling TypeScript errors in production, and testing your Next.js app. With the use of TypeScript, you can write more robust and scalable applications, providing a better experience for both developers and users alike. So, go ahead and give it a try!

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